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Oct 292013
 

 (This is the first of two stories looking at the EcoVillage at Ithaca, NY)

By Barbara Kessler
Green Right Now

About 20 years ago, when many greenly inclined people were thinking about switching to a more natural shampoo or growing herbs on window sills, a small group of naturalists in Ithaca, NY, was planning more sweeping life changes.

They were crafting an ecologically sensitive village where people would live more cooperatively, compactly and gently on the land. Over time, their dream evolved into one of the most prosperous and advanced communities known as “ecovillages.” At the end of the summer, we had a chance to stay at the EcoVillage at Ithaca to sample life there and see the energy, land and food efficiencies that sustain the residents and the wildlife around them.

EcoVillage Bus Stop building attests to the harsh winters, note green roof and southern windows

A covered bus stop hints of greenovation to come. Photo: GreenRightNow)

Our self-guided tour began as we turned onto Rachel Carson Way, where the junction with Highway 79 is marked by an enclosed bus stop for residents to wait for the Ithaca city or school buses. The small building with its Southern exposure and insulating green roof was our first hint that this community misses few opportunities to save energy and work with nature.

EcoVillage, bikes and priuses abound

Bikes, just one of many zero-carbon approaches to life popular here. Photo: GRN)

Although the city bus comes several times a day, most families at the village also travel other ways. Many have a car — getting to all points in the Ithaca area requires it. The vehicles share a parking area, so as to not intrude on the walking paths that connect houses. Priuses predominate but one 1970s vintage vehicle has been converted to electricity. Bikes are everywhere, and represent a reasonable way to get to around in the warm months, even to downtown, which is just 3.5 miles away.

Ecovillage veggies and flowers

EcoVillage front yards are not wasted on turf. (Photo: GRN)

And as we rounded a corner heading for our rooms, we got an eyeful of how this EcoVillage maximizes the land. Every home has extensive gardens, with flowers to attract pollinators, kitchen herbs, fruit trees and vegetables. These are true kitchen gardens, where residents can step outside and pluck a cabbage, a bit of basil or a plum.  Here’s it’s not just farm-to-fork, it’s yard-to-fork.

EcoVillage -- Swallow's Nest

The Swallow’s Nest kitchen is anchored by a vast antique sink, but offers all the modern conveniences. (Photo: GRN)

Our bed and breakfast, The Swallow’s Nest, featured an amazing old farm sink, reclaimed doors and wood work. It was divinely cool inside thanks to the use of thick walls of durisol block and concrete floors that are naturally cool in the summer and heated with radiant heat in the winter. And the kitchen was stocked with an embarrassing bounty of local edibles, free-range eggs, breads, berries, peaches, jam and granola.

Owned by Joe and Michelle Nolan, the Swallow’s Nest is a bedroom/living/kitchen suite tucked under a two-story duplex where the couple lives with their two sons.

EcoVillage Kitchen, Joe showing us

Here’s Joe Nolan, a 17 year resident of the village, in his kitchen. (Photo: GRN)


The innovation continues throughout the Nolans’ home on the first and second floors. The home is insulated with straw bale walls and heated by a massive masonry stove, an old, but efficient technology that converts into heat 90 percent of the small amount of wood used. The house also derives energy from rooftop photovoltaics, producing an overage of electricity, putting the surplus back on the grid.

EcoVillage Massive wood stove

Masonry stoves like the Nolan’s burn a small amount of wood at high heat, making them highly efficient compared with standard fireplaces. The stones capture the heat, which radiates into the main living area and up the stairwell behind the stove. (Photo: GRN)

The Nolans and their architect also built in reclaimed wood throughout, using it in cabinets and on floors. Vintage touches include salvaged farm house sinks and old window frames. And for all that, the home’s strongest feature may still be its Southern vista, which takes in the gardens and fields behind the Song neighborhood.

EcoVillage, tub in Joe and Michelle's house

An old tub occupies a cozy corner upstairs with views of the surrounding countryside and gardens, a benefit that residents enjoy because homes at the EcoVillage are clustered together, leaving ample natural spaces that envelop the community. (Photo: GRN)

The three-bedroom home is compact and efficient, with a computer desk tucked at the end of the kitchen, a narrow stairway to the second floor and a shared bath. The plaster walls are rich shades of matte gold and sienna, thanks to natural colorants, some built into the plaster, Joe tells us.

EcoVillage, solar panels, attached housing

A view of the back of the Song garden reveals PV rooftop installations and large southern exposures that allow the houses to pull in radiant heat in the cool months. (Photo: GRN)

EcoVillage Chicken

A chicken pecks for feed outside the coop near the shared backyard garden. (Photo: GRN)

The next day, we enjoyed a walk around the grounds, meandering by the chicken coop, shared vegetable garden (which fenced against deer and bunny marauders) compost piles, and the front and back yards that are devoted to herb beds, fruit trees and patios.

Song is one of three communities at the EcoVillage at Ithaca. The first community built at the village, the Frog neighborhood lies just to the east, and northeast is the newest section, called Tree, which is expected to be completed in 2014. When Tree is completed, the EcoVillage at Ithaca will have about 230 to 250 residents.

All three neighborhoods are connected by footpaths, making for a quiet, child-friendly living spaces indoors and outdoors.

EcoVillage Tree

The Tree community features condo style homes as well as a community playroom, dining area and kitchen.  The housing units have universal design elements for “aging in place” and will be certified as passive houses, built to the highest standards in the world. Their energy costs: Virtually zero. (Photo: GRN)

Our walk was peaceful and calming, but it was nothing compared with the grand journey that led to the vision for this ecovillage. In 1990 Liz Walker, a community organizer from Vermont who’d been working in San Francisco, participated in a walk across the U.S., from San Francisco to New York, called the “Global Walk for a Livable World.” Along the way, the group stopped to launch recycling programs, plant trees and meet with communities.

“It was a transformative experience,” says Walker, who recalls they traveled 15 to 20 miles a day. The mission impressed everyone with the idea that “we are each powerful in our own way, and if you just keep walking forward you can eventually get to where you’re going,” she said. “Anything is possible.”

Inspired, Walker and a fellow traveler, Joan Bokaer, an Ithaca schoolteacher, began planning an ecovillage that would follow the concept of “co-housing” a movement then gaining attention in Europe in which residents live more economically and sustainably.

They envisioned a village of maybe 500 people who wanted to live “more in balance with the natural world and with each other,” Walker said

EcoVillage House fronts

Song duplexes have front porches, the better to take in the outdoors and visit with neighbors. (Photo: GRN)

“If we had any idea of how much time, effort and blood, sweat and tears it would take, it would have been extremely daunting to start,” Walker says. But she, Bokaer and the small group they assembled were very supportive of each other, she said, and they pushed ahead, buying the land and democratically hashing out the blueprints and the details.

EcoVillage, view east

The EcoVillage at Ithaca occupies a plateau above Ithaca with a view that takes in Cornell University. (Photo: GRN)

The 175-acre land the group bought sits atop a hill just outside Ithaca. At one point, a traditional suburban development had been designed for the land. That plan provided for 150 households to occupy 90 percent of the land with 10 percent left for open space. The EcoVillage at Ithaca group flipped that vision on its head. The village housing and private yards, including the community parking area, are clustered on about 17 acres, or about 10 percent of the land, leaving 90 percent of the property for open space and small agriculture.

That has meant that residents have ample space to garden, and still leave vast acres untouched for wildlife. “Because our land is pledged to be completely organic, it’s a very attractive place for wildlife,” says Walker, noting that the property hosts classes in conjunction with the ornithology lab at nearby Cornell University.

EcoVillage, front door to houses covered with flowers

Before there was biomimicry, there was just biology. Ecovillage residents grow native flowers, which attract pollinators, which serve the vegetables that feed the people. (Photo: GRN)

Respect for the land also helps the Frog neighborhood, where Walker lives with her husband, live up to its name. Five species of frogs have been identified in the neighborhood pond.

Ecovillage Frog Neighborhood

A view of the Frog neighborhood from the pond. The community house, with its gathering room and kitchen, is on the left. (Photo: GRN)

Three farms, taking up 25 acres together, also operate on the property: Kestrel’s Perch berry Farm operates a you-pick operation and a CSA; West Haven Farm, owned by members of the Bokaer family, leases 10 acres from the village and operates a CSA serving 250 shareholders with veggies and herbs; Groundswell Center for Local Food and Farming opened this year as an incubator, providing land for new Americans to get reestablished in agriculture.

EcoVillage mom and Baby

Residents at EcoVillage at Ithaca span all ages, and the younger ones are having a blast. (Photo: GRN)

Food, wildlife, but ultimately, people make the village hum. “Visitors to our community often ask what it is like to live here. I think what we have, this village is really recreating what goes on in a traditional village. We’re drawing from traditional village culture in which people really know each other well. Kids know each other. That’s a key factor in the healthfulness of the community.”

“I see the children around here forming friendships that will last the rest of their lives,” she said. “They build forts together and play at each other’s houses. . . There’s a sense of safety and belonging for the kids, which is irreplaceable.”

Sure, Walker says, there are conflicts. Community members have spent many hours developing ground rules for outdoor cats and dogs, for instance. “But largely we’re successful in encouraging people to talk to each other directly. It seems like such a simple thing, and yet it’s a hard thing to do…”

“But we find that amazing things happen when people really talk to each other in depth,” says Walker, who’s written a book about the village, EcoVillage at Ithaca: Pioneerng a Sustainable Culture and a later guide, Choosing a Sustainable Future: Ideas and Inspiration from Ithaca New York.

Eco Village, 70th birthday party for Jim Bosjolie - photo jim Bosjolie smlr

Village residents pose for a picture at Jim Bosjolie’s 70th birthday party (Photo: Jim Bosjolie)

We were hungry after our walk, so we joined some of the good folks of Song for a meal of tacos, quinoa, summer squash and black beans, much of which was hyper-local, having been plucked from gardens at the village.

Afterward, we talked with Joe Nolan about his experiences over 17 years at the ecovillage, which is one among hundreds of similar “intentional” communities around the world. When he and Michelle moved here, he was intrigued by the opportunities to build a “compostable” house that would be powered by solar power, insulated with straw and finished with clay plaster. Being a “nerdy sort of person,” he also was fascinated by the energy equations — the BTU’s that could be produced and saved, the calculus of efficiency. He remains in touch with the techie side of green living through the store he owns and operates in Ithaca, Home Green Home; though the biggest sellers there are the low-tech, natural latex mattresses.

“But in retrospect that [the technology] is not what we’ve pioneered here so much,” he says, relaxing after a post-dinner run. “The thing that’s radical about ecovillage is ‘Let’s cooperate and share some stuff as neighbors. Let’s own lawnmowers and a laundry room and a commercial kitchen and a deer-fenced garden.”

“Let’s be forced to talk together and make decisions together. That’s really the radical part about ecovillage.”

Eco Village Food, community meal

Great grits this meal was good. Quinoa, beans and salad. (There was meat for those who wanted it.) Also note, real plates and utensils, no throwing away disposables. (Photo: GRN)

Learning to live together is the social part of sustainability, Liz Walker explains in our later interview.  It requires “retraining our social conditioning to — rather than thinking ‘me first’ — thinking what is best for the common good.”

“In order to live in a  close knit community like this you have to be willing to work things out with your neighbors. You don’t have to love everyone as a dear friend, but you have to be willing to work things out with them,” she says. It’s a lesson that will be vital for living differently in the 21st Century, she adds.

And how has the human interaction part of the ecovillage experiment gone?

“It takes a good bit of time,” Nolan says, pausing thoughtfully.

Eco Village chairs smaller

Village life requires more individual and group meetings to maintain the social “health” of the community. Fortunately, there are many great spots for a tete-a-tete.

“You have to learn to value the time you spend with people, even though it might not be productive in a boardroom kind of way. You can’t sit down and make six decisions in one hour. It’s more like six meetings to make one decision.”

He grins.

Of course it’s been worth it, he adds, and when there are rough patches, you cope with it, just as you would in an extended family with its inevitable mixed bag of personalities.

That family might have a “crazy uncle” or two. “But they’re still lovable,” Nolan says.

After all, it takes a village.

Copyright © 2013 Green Right Now | Distributed by GRN Network


Oct 042011
 

By Faiza Elmasry
VOA

The neighborhood in northwest Washington D.C. looks like a typical American townhouse development, but Takoma Village Cohousing is anything but ordinary.

The privately-owned units cluster around a shared open space, and the 80 or so residents share a common building with a kids’ playroom, study room, laundry, kitchen and huge living area, and they have meals together there several times a week.

It’s all part of an intentional community, similar to an old-fashioned village, where everyone knows everyone else.

“What I like most is I know all my neighbors. It’s just like a family,” says Sharon Villines, one of the first residents to move into Takoma Village Cohousing when it opened in 2000. “There is a Monday night group that consists of 30, 40 people. It varies. Two or three people would cook each week and serve other people. We have lots of pot-lucks where people bring things. That works very well.”

This community – a child-friendly, multi-generational, ethnically diverse and self-managed neighborhood – is one of more than 150 cohousing communities across the United States.

“For me the most important advantage for cohousing is diversity,” says Abe Hussein. He and his wife left a house in upstate New York, with four bedrooms and an indoor swimming pool, to move to Takoma Village six years ago.

“One good thing about cohousing is it’s also a great place for raising kids. They don’t have any strangers because they see their neighbors every day or every week,” he says.

Co-housing concept

The concept of cohousing began in Denmark and was brought to the United States by architects Charles Durrett and Kathryn McCamant.

“My husband and I were young architects studying in Denmark when we came across this idea. It really intrigued us both on a personal and a professional level,” McCamant says.

They wrote about it in a 1988 book, called Cohousing. They recently published a second book, Creating Cohousing.

“It’s the oldest idea about how people lived together. I think what we did was sort of take the Danish model and adapt it to an American model, to our crazy, modern 21st century lives,” McCamant says.

One of the most distinctive aspects of cohousing, says Ann Zabaldo – who is very involved in running the community – is how neighbors take care of Takoma Village themselves.

“We have a group of about four or five people, who – as part of what we call work share, or their part of the contribution to the community – is every two weeks, they clean the common house. We have a specific person who cleans the bathrooms and in between, people are expected pick up after themselves, when they use the common house.”

Residents run the community by consensus, and openly discuss problems they see.

“We don’t have a children’s council, for example, that makes rules and talks about how children will or will not behave in the community,” Villines says.

Hussein adds, “One of the areas I have a lot of troubles with is work share. The assumption here is that everyone will do some work, and most of the people do, but there are a few people who don’t.”

Eco-friendly

Cohousing, says architect McCamant, is an efficient, economical and environmentally-sound way to live.

“We have chosen to live in smaller houses with more community facilities and very energy efficient houses; we live more sustainably. We use less of the Earth resources, less energy and drive less.”

Cohousing is also about creating a better quality of life.

“It’s hard to talk with your neighbors when you don’t know them,” says McCamant. “But by building that sense of trust, by working with them in the gardens, or with some kids’ projects or we need to repaint this building, just really simple day to day things, you begin to build that trust and then you can work through problems as they come up.”

Those interactions help make every cohousing neighborhood different, as neighbors shape life inside their community through their initiative, imagination and participation.

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